School operations

Student Resource Package – Targeted Initiatives

Tutor Learning Initiative (Reference 129)


The Tutor Learning Initiative (TLI) provides funding for schools to employ tutors to provide small group learning support to students identified as needing additional support in literacy and numeracy. For further information on the TLI, refer to the department's policy on the Tutor Learning Initiative.


The following school types are eligible for TLI funding:

  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Primary/Secondary
  • Specialist
  • Language.

The following schools are not eligible for TLI funding:

  • camp schools, irrespective of their listed school type (that is, 'Camp' school types, Somers School Camp, Outdoor School, Rubicon Outdoor School)
  • Victorian School of Languages
  • Parkville College
  • Centre for Higher Education Studies
  • Monash Children’s Hospital School
  • selective entry high schools (that is, MacRobertson Girls High School, Melbourne High School, Nossal High School, Suzanne Cory High School).


Funding will be provided directly to schools as a specific purpose payment through a credit allocation in their Student Resource Package (SRP). Enrolments collected during the February 2024 census will be used to update the TLI allocation to schools in the 2024 Confirmed SRP.

Schools must only use their TLI funding for the provision of the TLI, which is to employ tutors to provide targeted small group instruction to students identified as needing additional support in literacy and numeracy.

This funding includes tutor on-costs for superannuation and payroll tax. When hiring staff, it is important to factor in these on-costs as they are not separately itemised within the budget. Schools can choose to use additional funds, for example through Equity Social Disadvantage, to expand delivery of the TLI program within the school.


Primary, secondary, and primary-secondary schools

Primary, secondary and primary-secondary schools are funded based on the number of students requiring additional learning support in literacy and numeracy, where the per student rate is equivalent to the cost of delivering a standard tutor learning program (3 sessions of 45 minutes per week, for groups of 5 students), for 20 weeks) by a Classroom Teacher 2-3 as according to the Victorian Government Schools Agreement.

The minimum funding allocation is set at $26,500 per annum for primary schools and $30,000 per annum for secondary schools, funding approximately 0.2 FTE, ensuring schools have sufficient funding to deliver at least 4 groups of small-group intervention, 2 each for reading and numeracy.

Per student rates

Primary (Prep to Year 6 including primary ungraded) per funded student rate: $1,246.32.

Secondary (Year 7 to Year 12 including secondary ungraded) per funded student rate: $1,414.74.

Number of eligible students

2023 NAPLAN data is used to identify students assessed as Needs Additional Support (NAS) and Exempt students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9.

This is then used to extrapolate out and estimate the number of students needing literacy and/or numeracy support for the year levels with no new NAPLAN data.

For the purposes of funding, it is assumed that students absent from NAPLAN follow the school level distribution of NAS and Exempt students. The number of absent students is multiplied by the school level average percentage of NAS and Exempt students. The calculated percentage of absent students estimated to be NAS is then also extrapolated out to year levels with no new NAPLAN data to account for the additional estimated need.

For schools with no students who sat NAPLAN in 2023 (for example, very small primary schools without students in years 3 and 5), the corresponding system average % of NAS and Exempt students for primary or secondary year levels will be used.

For senior secondary schools, in 2024, the year 9 system average % of NAS and Exempt students is used to calculate funding. It is intended that this will transition to actual school data in future years once sufficient NAPLAN data for students attending senior secondary schools is available.

Funding formula


Provided if Primary enrolment > 0

Primary funding = Max of [Primary floor $26,500]


[Primary funded count × Primary per student rate]


Provided if Secondary enrolment > 0

Secondary funding = Max of [Secondary floor $30,000]


[Secondary funded count × Secondary per student rate]


Total school funding = primary funding + secondary funding

School example

School A has 300 students. Students are distributed across the primary year levels, with 50 students in Year 3, 50 students in Year 5, and 200 students in the other primary year levels.

Students who have sat NAPLAN

Out of 50 Year 3s who are due to complete NAPLAN, 8 are NAS/Exempt. Out of 50 Year 5s, 12 are NAS/Exempt. The school is funded for 8 + 12 = 20 students who have sat NAPLAN.

Students who have not sat NAPLAN

20/100 equals 20%, which is the school’s funded percentage for primary students for TLI funding. To extrapolate out the year levels which have not yet sat the new NAPLAN (200 students), we get 20% × 200 = 40 students.

If there are 10 NAPLAN absences (5 year 3, 5 year 5), we multiply 10 by the school level average percentage of NAS and Exempt to get 10 × 20% = 2 students.

We extrapolate this out to the other year levels by using the school absent % multiplied by school NAS and Exempt % (in this example, 10% × 20% = 2%) to get 2% × 200 = 4 students.

Total funding

The total number of students in School A attracting funding is 20 + 40 + 2 + 4 = 66 students.

Total funding amount is thus 66 × per student rate = 66 × $1,246.32 = $82,257.12.

As this is higher than the funding floor for the primary component of $26,500, School A will receive $82,257.12 as their final TLI allocation.

Special and language schools

The funding model for specialist and language schools will remain the same as the previous (2023) TLI funding model, with updated floor amounts.

Funding formula

Primary years and primary age equivalents

Provided if Primary enrolment > 0

Primary funding = Max of [Primary floor $26,500]


[Pri_total_enrol × Pri_enrol_rate + Pri_SD_enrol × Pri_SD_enrol_rate]

Secondary years and secondary age equivalents

Provided if Secondary enrolment > 0

Secondary funding = Max of [Secondary floor $30,000]


[Sec_total_enrol × Sec_enrol_rate + Sec_SD_enrol × Sec_SD_enrol_rate]

Combined primary and secondary years or age equivalents

Total school funding = primary funding + secondary funding

Rates for special and language schools

Primary per student rate: $157.98 (referenced as Pri_total_rate in calculation above).

Secondary per student rate: $178.77 (referenced as Sec_total_rate in calculation above).

Special social disadvantage per student rate: $424.96 (referenced as Pri_SD_enrol_rate in calculation above).

Special secondary social disadvantage per student rate*: $480.88 (referenced as Sec_SD_enrol_rate in calculation above).

Accountability requirements

Schools are required to:

  • ensure eduPay records are updated by coding tutors as they are recruited. Schools must code tutors using the TLI code: 80026. Note that if tutors are being appointed from the school’s existing staff, their tutoring FTE must be re-coded to the TLI code: 80026 using a General Ledger (GL) override on eduPay
  • ensure students participating in TLI are tagged in CASES21, including if the focus of support is literacy or numeracy
  • utilise an approved template for tutors to record students’ learning goals
  • support evaluation and monitoring of the initiative.

Expenditure of funding

Schools are required to spend and acquit the TLI allocation during the 2024 calendar year (including any unspent TLI funding from previous years). Schools will, however, be able to retain unspent 2023 funding for the salary of tutors who are employed until 19 January 2024. As funding is only allocated in 2023, the unspent portion of funding will form the final 2023 credit position and be rolled over into the 2024 year, as per normal SRP reconciliation processes.

Contact information

For further information, please contact

Reference 129 of the SRP Guide, providing information on the Tutor Learning Initiative

Reviewed 01 January 2024

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