Policy last updated

12 February 2024


  • Schools

August 2020



This policy outlines the operation of the Middle Years Literacy and Numeracy Support (MYLNS) initiative in Victorian government schools.

For information about 2024 MYLNS funding, please refer to the Student Resource Package – Targeted Initiatives: Middle Years Literacy and Numeracy Support Initiative (Reference 118).


The MYLNS initiative provides intensive teaching support to students in Year 10 in government secondary schools who are at risk of finishing school without the literacy and numeracy skills they need for future work and study.

Interventions at Year 10 are critical to ensure students have the foundational literacy and numeracy skills necessary for them to be able to successfully complete senior secondary education and to achieve their goals related to future work, education or training.

MYLNS plays an important role in a school’s teaching and learning program. Using a Response to Intervention framework, MYLNS is categorised as a Tier 3 support, where an intensive intervention is provided for students in Year 10 who require additional support in literacy and numeracy.

Funding is provided for schools to release experienced teachers as MYLNS Improvement Teachers to work directly with MYLNS students. Schools must advise the department of their nominated MYLNS Improvement Teacher(s) each year via the Improvement Teacher nomination formExternal Link (staff login required).

Students assessed as ‘Needs Additional Support’ or who were exempt in reading and/or numeracy as per their Year 9 NAPLAN results will be automatically tagged as MYLNS students in CASES21. Schools can select additional Year 10 students who may benefit from MYLNS initiative support.

For information about the role of MYLNS Improvement Teachers, identification of students for MYLNS support, and approaches to supporting MYLNS students including assessment, refer to the Guidance tab.

Resources for schools are available on the Resources tab.


MYLNS students
Students in Year 10 who were assessed as ‘Needs Additional Support’ in reading and/or numeracy in the previous year’s NAPLAN. Year 10 students exempt from the previous year’s reading and/or numeracy NAPLAN are also included in the MYLNS initiative. If there is capacity, schools should identify additional Year 10 students based on a combination of data including school-based assessments, teacher judgement data, and behavioural and attendance records.

More information about student selection is available in the Guidance tab.

Improvement Teachers
Improvement Teachers are experienced teachers within a school who are provided with time release to deliver literacy and/or numeracy direct teaching support to MYLNS students.

More information about appointment of Improvement Teachers is available in the Guidance tab.

Relevant legislation



This guidance contains the following chapters:

  • Role of MYLNS Improvement Teachers
  • Identification of students for MYLNS support
  • Approach to supporting MYLNS students
  • Assessment for MYLNS students

Role of MYLNS Improvement Teachers

Role of MYLNS Improvement Teachers

Each year, schools must advise the department of their nominated MYLNS Improvement Teacher/s via the Improvement Teacher nomination formExternal Link (staff login required).

MYLNS Improvement Teachers:

  • identify Year 10 students to receive MYLNS support
  • set, document, and monitor goals for MYLNS students
  • implement evidence-based, high-impact teaching strategies to progress learning in literacy and/or numeracy
  • regularly evaluate learning progress via formative assessments.

MYLNS Improvement Teachers are required to be experienced classroom teachers. This role requires expert curriculum and pedagogical knowledge and should not be filled by less-experienced teachers or education support staff. Evidence indicates that effective MYLNS Improvement Teachers demonstrate:

  • a growth mindset
  • curriculum and pedagogical knowledge to target students’ learning needs and differentiate teaching to support students at their point of need
  • the ability to build positive learning relationships with students and colleagues.

A school may choose to appoint their existing learning specialist, literacy leader or numeracy leader as an Improvement Teacher. Other schools will choose to allocate these roles to different staff members to build an integrated team approach and to champion literacy and numeracy improvement across their school.

If a learning specialist is appointed to the role, they will be required to manage their Improvement Teacher responsibilities (including an increased focus on MYLNS students) as well as their responsibilities as a learning specialist.

To ensure continuity for students and for the initiative, it is recommended that schools continue to keep the same MYLNS Improvement Teacher for a minimum of 2 years (unless they do not meet the requirements of the role). Evidence shows that at least 2 years is necessary to have maximum impact in the role.

Identification of students for MYLNS support

Identification of students for MYLNS support

Students assessed as 'Needs Additional Support' or who were exempt in reading and/or numeracy as per their Year 9 NAPLAN results will be automatically tagged as MYLNS students in CASES21.

If MYLNS students are transferring into a school, the new school will need to identify them manually (CASES21 MYLNS pre-identification will not transfer with them).

Schools can choose to select additional Year 10 students who may benefit from MYLNS initiative support, following an evidence-based, collaborative process involving school leaders and relevant staff.

In determining additional Year 10 students to receive MYLNS initiative support, schools should:

  • triangulate student learning data from multiple sources
  • consider vulnerable and disengaged students who may benefit from literacy and/or numeracy intervention, including students with low or non-attendance or for whom there is little formal learning data
  • consult with other workforces that support priority cohorts, where needed, to design wrap-around support for learners.

Schools should ensure all students receiving MYLNS initiative support are tagged in CASES21 and should update CASES21 throughout the year if additional students are added to the MYLNS program.

Schools are required to communicate with parents/carers regarding their child’s involvement in the MYLNS initiative. A sample letter to parents/carers (DOCX)External Link is available to assist schools with this communication.

Approach to supporting MYLNS students

Approach to supporting MYLNS students

When considering how support may be provided for MYLNS students, Improvement Teachers should consider:

  • the particular learning needs of the students
  • the evidence with respect to interventions that could be implemented
  • the time allocation to work with students
  • each student’s timetable and the classes they are enrolled in.

Some MYLNS students may have complex learning and wellbeing needs, and may already have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) which should be considered in the design of MYLNS support.

MYLNS Improvement Teachers can support MYLNS students through:

  • individual student support, such as withdrawing a student from class and working 1:1 with them
  • in class co-teaching, such as:
    • teaching a segment of the lesson
    • providing in-class support for MYLNS students
  • small group work.

The following case studies can be used by MYLNS Improvement Teachers when deciding on an intervention approach.

Case study 1: Working with individual students

A MYLNS Improvement Teacher has worked with the school improvement team (including the numeracy leader and learning specialist) to analyse a wide range of evidence of a MYLNS student’s learning in numeracy. They realise that the student has a gap in their understanding of place value and decimals that is impacting their achievement in mathematics as well as in science.

After meeting with the student to build a relationship and to further understand their learning needs, the MYLNS Improvement Teacher learns that the student feels frustrated with this gap in their learning and would like to receive targeted support to address it. The Improvement Teacher plans to work with the student individually prior to their maths class for 20 minutes, 3 times per week. The MYLNS Improvement Teacher monitors the student’s learning each session, and helps the students master this key element of numeracy.

Case study 2: Working with a small group in class

A Humanities class is working in small groups. One group is with the classroom teacher, one group is working independently, and one group is with a MYLNS Improvement Teacher.

The MYLNS Improvement Teacher is working with a small group of students, plus a few of their peers who the classroom teacher thought could use additional support.

The MYLNS Improvement Teacher is guiding their group through a year-level text by pre-teaching key vocabulary and modelling through a ‘think-aloud’ on how students will make sense of the text. The Improvement Teacher then checks in with students about their understanding during and after reading.

Case study 3: Pre-teaching key concepts

A MYLNS Improvement Teacher meets regularly with small groups of students to preview the concepts that are coming up in their Mathematics classes.

The MYLNS Improvement Teacher coordinates with the regular classroom teachers to know the language they are planning to use to teach the concepts, along with the learning intentions and success criteria for the unit. This ensures that students can be prepared to access the mathematics content.

Assessment for MYLNS students

Assessment for MYLNS students

For advice relating to assessment of student achievement and progress across Foundation to Level 10 (F–10), including English as an Additional Language (EAL), refer to Assessment of Student Achievement and Progress Foundation to 10.

In addition, the MYLNS Assessment Tool is available twice-yearly for MYLNS Improvement Teachers to use with their students in Term 1 and Term 4. The 2024 testing window dates are 12 February to 1 March and 11 to 29 November.

The MYLNS Assessment Tool is available on the Digital Assessment LibraryExternal Link and includes separate assessments of literacy and numeracy:

  • MYLNS Assessment for literacy support students (literacy assessments) – covers the Reading and Viewing mode of the English Curriculum Levels 5-9, including the Language, Literature and Literacy strands
  • MYLNS Assessment for numeracy support students (numeracy assessments) – covers all aspects of the Mathematics Curriculum Levels 5-9, including the Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry and Statistics and Probability strands.

The MYLNS Assessment Tool provides Improvement Teachers with a report indicating the student’s level of curriculum achievement. MYLNS Improvement Teachers can use this tool to both identify student point of need and measure learning achievement at the start and at the conclusion of their participation in the MYLNS initiative.



Professional learning

Professional learning opportunities, including webinars and workshops, are communicated via the MYLNS Arc channelExternal Link .

Professional learning is also provided via the Learning Management System (LMS)External Link . Improvement Teachers are provided with access to the LMS when they are first nominated by their school. Improvement Teachers can contact the MYLNS inbox ( with any queries regarding accessing the LMS.

Literacy and mathematics teaching toolkits

Literacy and mathematics teaching toolkits provide practical advice and high impact teaching practices that improve outcomes in numeracy and mathematics, reading, writing, and speaking and listening.

The toolkits are available on the department’s website, visit : Literacy Teaching ToolkitExternal Link and Mathematics Teaching ToolkitExternal Link .

The Toolkits include links to the Literacy learning progressionsExternal Link and the Numeracy learning progressionsExternal Link .

Learning difficulties information guides

The learning difficulties information guides are a foundation for understanding learning difficulties in numeracy and literacy. These guides can assist school leaders and teachers to understand more about the needs of students with learning difficulties.

To access the learning difficulties information guides, visit: Learning difficultiesExternal Link .

Literacy and numeracy for Koorie students

The department provides a range of resources to support literacy and English for Koorie students. These include:

  • Koorie English online
  • school leadership guides
  • the Koorie Literacy and Numeracy Program
  • teaching and learning videos to improve Koorie students’ reading comprehension

For more information, visit: Literacy and English for Koorie studentsExternal Link .

English as an additional language

English as an additional language (EAL) resources are available to support teachers with students of EAL background develop proficiency in English.

For more information, visit: English as an Additional Language (EAL)External Link

Digital Assessment Library

The Digital Assessment Library (DAL) is an online and on demand student learning assessment tool that is freely available from the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA). It provides timely and detailed information on individual student performance. The DAL contains assessments that are aligned to the Victorian Curriculum and include English, Mathematics and Critical and Creative Thinking strands.

For more information, visit: Digital Assessment Library (DAL)External Link .

Other relevant resources

Reviewed 17 August 2020