This policy sets out the guidance for schools to implement the Victorian Teaching and Learning Model (VTLM).


  • Schools are encouraged to implement the VTLM to reflect upon and improve teaching practice.
  • VTLM translates the Framework for Improving Student Outcomes 2.0 (FISO 2.0) into classroom-level pedagogical principles and strategies that will positively impact student learning and wellbeing outcomes.
  • Key components of the VTLM are accessible via the Guidance tab.
  • Tools and resources that support schools in using the VTLM are accessible via the Resources tab.


The VTLM was introduced in 2019 for use in Victorian government schools.

The VTLM brings FISO 2.0 into the classroom, providing school leaders and teachers with a framework to systematically review student outcomes, reflect on current teaching practices and put in place evidence-based strategies to positively impact student learning and wellbeing.

It supports teachers and school leaders to:

  • focus on high impact teaching and learning
  • make evidence-based decisions to improve student outcomes.

The Quick Guide to the VTLM, released in 2022, aligns the VTLM with the core elements of FISO 2.0.

The VTLM encompasses 4 components:

  • A vision for learning and wellbeing helps create a unified set of values and beliefs to drive a high-performance learning culture.
  • The practice principlesExternal Link for excellence in teaching practice (practice principles) are 9 signature pedagogies which make the difference in improving student achievement, motivation and engagement
  • The pedagogical model describes what effective teaching looks like in the classroom and helps teachers effectively apply the practice principles.
  • The high impact teaching strategies (HITS) present 10 instructional practices that reliably increase student learning.

Development is underway of a new, fifth component to the VTLM, a set of High Impact Wellbeing Strategies (HIWS), to reflect the priority of student wellbeing within FISO 2.0.

Classroom teachers of all experience levels can use the strategies and advice provided in the VTLM to enhance their lesson and unit planning.

Using the VTLM

The VTLM is a department endorsed model that schools may choose to implement, as a whole or in part, in line with their school improvement priorities. The VTLM is aligned to FISO 2.0 and is the department’s preferred evidence-based pedagogical framework for the Victorian system.

The practice principles, the pedagogical model and the HITS can assist school leaders and teachers to reflect on teaching practice and plan differentiated learning programs to achieve better outcomes for students. Schools who already have an instructional model can use the VTLM to benchmark their current model to ensure they have a comprehensive view of teaching and learning for their context. The pedagogical model can be used to inform lesson and unit planning and review.

Department policy setting out the requirement for schools to implement the Victorian Teaching and Learning Model

Reviewed 06 September 2022

Policy last updated

6 September 2022


  • Schools


Performance Division Teacher Professional Practice Unit

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