vic_logo
education.vic.gov.au

Curriculum Programs Foundation to 10

Policy last updated

8 September 2020

Scope

  • Schools

Contact

Arts, Assessment and Reporting Unit


Date:
January 2020

Policy

Policy

This policy outlines the requirements for school-based curriculum programs in Victorian government schools across Foundation to Year 10.

Summary

  • Schools must provide all students with a planned and structured school-based curriculum program. There must be evidence of:
    • a school-based curriculum plan showing how the learning areas of the Victorian Curriculum F-10 will be substantially addressed, and how the school-based curriculum program will be organised and implemented
    • an explanation of how and when the curriculum and teaching practice will be reviewed
    • an outline of how the school will deliver its curriculum
  • School-based curriculum programs must meet the minimum standards for school registration and comply with associated Departmental policies, including Physical and Sport Education — Delivery RequirementsLanguages Education and Holocaust Education.
  • Schools are encouraged to design and deliver their school-based curriculum programs flexibly, responding to the strengths, needs and aspirations of students and the school and wider community.
  • Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to advice provided by Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority and to the Framework for Improving Student Outcomes (FISO).

Details

Requirements for curriculum programs in Victorian government schools are defined with reference to:

Minimum standards for school registration

Schools must provide all students with a planned and structured school-based curriculum program to equip them with the knowledge, skills and attributes needed to complete their schooling and to make a successful transition from school to work, training or further education.

Under the minimum standards for school registration, there must be evidence of:

  • a school-based curriculum plan showing how the learning areas of the Victorian Curriculum F–10 will be substantially addressed, and how the school-based curriculum program will be organised and implemented, noting that some schools in unique circumstances can be exempted by the VRQA from addressing one or more of the learning areas of the Victorian Curriculum F–10
  • an explanation of how and when the curriculum and teaching practice will be reviewed
  • an outline of how the school will deliver its curriculum

Schools are encouraged to design and deliver their school-based curriculum programs flexibly, responding to the strengths, needs and aspirations of students and the school and wider community.

In the Foundation stage of schooling (Prep–Year 2), schools may choose to structure their school-based curriculum program around the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) outcomes (Identify, Connection, Wellbeing, Confidence and Communication). However, please note that schools are still required to report against the Victorian Curriculum F–10 achievement standards.

F–10 Curriculum Planning Guidelines

In the F–10 Revised Curriculum Planning and Reporting Guidelines, the VCAA provides curriculum planning guidelines for schools to support them in the design and delivery of high-quality school-based curriculum programs.

The guidelines acknowledge the need to approach key stages of school differently, given that early years learners, older children and adolescents have unique learning and development needs. Key stages of schooling in the guidelines are:

  • Foundation Stage (Prep–Year 2)
  • Breadth Stage (Years 3–8)
  • Pathways Stage (Years 9–10)

The VCAA also provides a comprehensive online Curriculum Planning Resource, which includes a self-assessment tool for schools and sample school-based curriculum plans.

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to advice provided by VCAA.

Victorian Government priorities and Departmental policies

Framework for Improving Student Outcomes

The Department provides additional support to schools to strengthen curriculum planning as part of the Framework for Improving Student Outcomes (FISO). Within FISO, ‘Curriculum Planning and Assessment’ is identified as one of six dimensions that lead to high-impact improvement in student learning outcomes.

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to FISO. Online supports for the Curriculum Planning and Assessment dimension are available on the Department website.

Physical Education

A minimum time allocation is mandated for physical and sport education in Victorian government schools. Refer to: Physical and Sport Education — Delivery Outcomes.

Other Time Allocations

Time allocations are not mandated in any other learning area, but schools should note:

  • as above, schools are required to substantially address all learning areas of the Victorian Curriculum F–10
  • time allocations are not a measure of the quality of the teaching and learning program
  • how much time students are given to engage with a curriculum area will influence the knowledge and skills that can be addressed

Languages

Schools are required to provide a languages program for students from Foundation to Year 10. Refer to: Languages Education.

Holocaust Education

All Victorian government school students in the Years 9-10 band of schooling must be taught about the Holocaust as part of the school’s curriculum program. Refer to: Strengthened approach to Holocaust education

Student Wellbeing

School-based curriculum programs must:

  • incorporate opportunities for all students to enhance their own and others' wellbeing
  • support students to develop knowledge, understanding and skills that enable them to engage critically with a range of health and wellbeing areas and issues

Contact

Arts, Assessment and Reporting Unit


Guidance

Guidance on developing and implementing curriculum programs Foundation to 10

The following guidance is provided to support schools to develop and implement quality school-based curriculum programs across Foundation to Level 10.

Note: This guidance is for curriculum programs for Foundation to Level 10. For information on senior secondary curriculum, please see the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) webpages:

VCAA F-10 Curriculum Planning Guidelines

The VCAA provides curriculum planning guidelines, the F-10 Revised Curriculum Planning and Reporting Guidelines, to support schools in the design and delivery of curriculum programs. These Guidelines acknowledge the need to approach key stages of school differently, given the diverse learning needs from early childhood to secondary school. The minimum requirements at each learning stage are summarised:

Learning stages

The VCAA also provides an online Curriculum Planning Resource, which includes a self-assessment tool for schools and sample school-based curriculum plans.  These resources support schools to develop curriculum programs that cater for all students and reflect the decisions, resources and priorities of the school. They involve four layers for schools to consider: By School, By Curriculum Area, By Year Level and by Unit/Lessons. 

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to advice provided by VCAA.

Victorian government priorities and Departmental policies

Framework for Improving Student Outcomes

School-based documented curriculum plan, assessment and shared pedagogical approaches is an essential element of the Framework for Improving Student Outcomes (FISO) Continua of Practice for School Improvement.  FISO recommend that schools allocate time and resources for teachers to share pedagogical content knowledge about the curriculum, the implementation and monitoring of effective learning programs, and the planning of content-specific instruction. Teachers should place student needs at the centre program planning and delivery and collaboratively design and implement a scope and sequence of learning which is regularly reviewed and updated.

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to FISO . Online supports for the Curriculum Planning and Assessment dimension are available on the Department website.

Whole-School Guide to Curriculum Planning

The Department has produced a Whole-school guide to curriculum planning to support teachers, instructional leaders and school leaders to plan and implement the curriculum at every layer of the school.

Using the FISO improvement cycle, the guide presents a series of guiding questions and key actions to support planning for the whole school, for a curriculum area or year level, and for units and lessons.

The guide also provides links to an extensive range of resources, case studies and templates that schools can use when planning curriculum to improve student outcomes.

Other Departmental policies  

Schools must also ensure that their curriculum program incorporates equitable opportunities for all students and supports students to engage critically with a range of health and wellbeing areas and issues. 

School-based curriculum programs must comply with relevant Departmental policies, including:

  • Physical and Sport Education: note that there are minimum allocated times for physical and sport education for Victorian government schools. The mandated times are:
    • Prep – Year 3: 20-30 minutes of physical education a day
    • Years 4-6: 3 hours per week of physical education and sport with a minimum of 50% of that time for physical education
    • Years 7-10: 100 minutes each per week for physical education and sport
  • Time allocations are not mandated in any other learning area, but schools are required to address all of the Victorian Curriculum F-10, for more information refer to the F-10 Revised Curriculum Planning and Reporting Guidelines.
  • Languages: schools are required to have a language program delivered across all year levels by a (qualified) language teacher.  

Resources

Resources

The following resources are provided to support Victorian government schools with school-based curriculum programs across Foundation to Year 10.

Minimum standards for school registration 

  • The Victorian Registration and Qualifications Authority Guidelines to the Minimum standards and requirements for school registration outlines that schools are required to provide all students with a planned and structured curriculum to equip them with the knowledge, skills and attributes needed to complete their schooling and to make a successful transition from school to work, training or further education. 

F-10 Curriculum planning guidelines

Victorian Government priorities and Departmental policies

The Department provides additional support to schools to strengthen curriculum planning as part of the Framework for improving student outcomes (FISO): continua of practice within the dimension of curriculum planning and assessment

The Department’s whole-school guide to curriculum planning (login required) provides practical support for teachers, instructional leaders and school leaders to plan and implement the curriculum at every layer of the school. The Guide also provides links to an extensive range of resources, case studies and templates that teachers, instructional leaders and school leaders can draw upon when they are doing this work.

The Department provides information on the Victorian teaching and learning model (VTLM) and its elements to support schools’ to enact their curriculum programs.   

For information on the minimum time allocation for physical and sport education in Victorian government schools, refer to: Physical and Sport Education — Delivery Requirements

For information on the requirement to have a language program delivered across all year levels, refer to: Languages Education

For information on the requirement to include the Holocaust as part of the school's curriculum program, refer to: the Holocaust – teaching and learning resources


Reviewed 19 March 2020