There are three types of mouthguards:
- individually fitted mouthguard — available from a dentist and is custom made. This mouthguard provides maximum protection.
- semi-adaptable mouthguard — sold over the counter and is adaptable in the mouth after warming
- standard mouthguard — sold ready-made over the counter
Mouthguards should fit properly and have sufficient retention to prevent dislodgement by an impacting force. Mouthguards can be made to allow for missing and erupting teeth, and to fit over orthodontic wires. An ill-fitting mouthguard has the potential to cause injury. A mouthguard that has to be held in place by clenching the teeth is unsatisfactory. Yearly replacement may be needed for younger students to allow for growth and development.
The occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) contains checklists to assist principals in recording inspection and maintenance of basketball and netball rings.
Example: The Australian Rugby Union TryRugby program introduces new players to the game through a series of age-specific modified rugby games in a controlled environment i.e. no tackling for ages under 6 and 7 years. Each game-style of the Under Six 6 to Under Twelve Tryrugby Kids Pathway has a developmental skills focus which takes into account the chronological age of the child and their capacity for safe and achievable rugby skill acquisition.
For more information see:
Reviewed 22 February 2021