School operations

Curriculum Programs Foundation to 10

Guidance on developing and implementing curriculum programs Foundation to 10

The following guidance is provided to support schools to develop and implement quality school-based curriculum programs across Foundation to Level 10.

Note: This guidance is for curriculum programs for Foundation to Level 10. For information on senior secondary curriculum, please see the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) webpages:

VCAA F-10 Curriculum Planning Guidelines

The VCAA provides curriculum planning guidelines, the F-10 Revised Curriculum Planning and Reporting Guidelines, to support schools in the design and delivery of curriculum programs. These Guidelines acknowledge the need to approach key stages of school differently, given the diverse learning needs from early childhood to secondary school. The minimum requirements at each learning stage are summarised:

Learning stages

The VCAA also provides an online Curriculum Planning Resource, which includes a self-assessment tool for schools and sample school-based curriculum plans.  These resources support schools to develop curriculum programs that cater for all students and reflect the decisions, resources and priorities of the school. They involve four layers for schools to consider: By School, By Curriculum Area, By Year Level and by Unit/Lessons. 

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to advice provided by VCAA.

Victorian government priorities and Departmental policies

Framework for Improving Student Outcomes

School-based documented curriculum plan, assessment and shared pedagogical approaches is an essential element of the Framework for Improving Student Outcomes (FISO) Continua of Practice for School Improvement.  FISO recommend that schools allocate time and resources for teachers to share pedagogical content knowledge about the curriculum, the implementation and monitoring of effective learning programs, and the planning of content-specific instruction. Teachers should place student needs at the centre program planning and delivery and collaboratively design and implement a scope and sequence of learning which is regularly reviewed and updated.

Schools are expected to align the design and delivery of school-based curriculum programs to FISO . Online supports for the Curriculum Planning and Assessment dimension are available on the Department website.

Whole-School Guide to Curriculum Planning

The Department has produced a Whole-school guide to curriculum planning to support teachers, instructional leaders and school leaders to plan and implement the curriculum at every layer of the school.

Using the FISO improvement cycle, the guide presents a series of guiding questions and key actions to support planning for the whole school, for a curriculum area or year level, and for units and lessons.

The guide also provides links to an extensive range of resources, case studies and templates that schools can use when planning curriculum to improve student outcomes.

Other Departmental policies  

Schools must also ensure that their curriculum program incorporates equitable opportunities for all students and supports students to engage critically with a range of health and wellbeing areas and issues. 

School-based curriculum programs must comply with relevant Departmental policies, including:

  • Physical and Sport Education: note that there are minimum allocated times for physical and sport education for Victorian government schools. The mandated times are:
    • Prep – Year 3: 20-30 minutes of physical education a day
    • Years 4-6: 3 hours per week of physical education and sport with a minimum of 50% of that time for physical education
    • Years 7-10: 100 minutes each per week for physical education and sport
  • Time allocations are not mandated in any other learning area, but schools are required to address all of the Victorian Curriculum F-10, for more information refer to the F-10 Revised Curriculum Planning and Reporting Guidelines.
  • Languages: schools are required to have a language program delivered across all year levels by a (qualified) language teacher.  
Guidance on developing and implementing curriculum programs across Foundation to Year 10

Reviewed 14 February 2021

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