School operations



The purpose of this policy is to inform schools about their student immunisation responsibilities and exclusion processes during an infectious disease outbreak.


  • Primary responsibility for the prevention and control of infectious diseases lies with individuals, families and public health authorities.
  • Schools must request that parents/carers of primary school students provide them with an immunisation history statement and must record information about the immunisation status of each student on CASES21.
  • Schools must follow exclusion requirements and procedures as set out in this policy.
  • Secondary schools are encouraged to adopt strategies which actively support their school’s vaccine program.


While responsibility for the prevention and control of infectious diseases lies primarily with individuals, families and public health authorities; schools also have an important role to play.

Primary students

Schools are required to:

  • request that parents of primary school students provide them with an immunisation history statement for their child from the Australian Immunisation Register
  • maintain records of all immunisation history statements
  • record information regarding the immunisation status of each enrolled child on CASES21

Note: Prior to commencing primary school, children should have received their childhood vaccinations as per the National Immunisation Program Schedule.

All students

Schools are required to:

  • follow the exclusion requirements set out in this policy, as required
  • support the prevention and control of transmission of infectious diseases by:
    • supporting immunisation programs
    • providing prompt and consistent responses to detected or suspected cases of disease.

Note: Schools are not expected to give expert advice or treat students — this is the role of medical practitioners and health authorities, as appropriate.

School responsibilities — Exclusion processes

The information below details the exclusion processes for primary and secondary students.

Primary students — Exclusion process

As set out in the Public Health and Wellbeing Regulations 2019 (Vic) principals of primary school-aged students must not allow a child to attend school if:

  • they have been informed that the child is infected with an infectious disease, confirmed by a medical practitioner, that requires exclusion as described in the DHHS School exclusion table
  • they have been informed that a child has been in contact with a person with an infectious disease as described in the School exclusion table
  • during an outbreak, the Chief Health Officer directs a primary school to exclude a child based on material risk of a child contracting a vaccine-preventable disease (i.e. a child who is not immunised to be excluded until advised attendance can be resumed)

Secondary students — Exclusion process

Secondary schools should follow standard precautions to prevent spread of infectious disease, including hygiene practices, ensuring unwell students do not attend school, are sent home if unwell, and encouraged to seek medical attention

Secondary schools are not bound by the legislative exclusion requirements, which apply to primary schools but are encouraged to follow the same guidance to ensure the safety of their students.

In the event of a public health risk, such as an infectious disease outbreak, secondary schools may be required under the Public Health and Wellbeing Act 2008 (Vic) to comply with the directions of the Chief Health Officer or an authorised officer.

Supporting the Victorian secondary school vaccine program

Secondary schools play an important role in supporting immunisation by forming an effective relationship with their local council and ensuring effective facilitation of their school's vaccine program.

In particular, schools are encouraged to:

  • appoint a school immunisation coordinator to manage the school's vaccine program
  • ensure the school immunisation coordinator liaises with the local council immunisation officer in the local municipality
  • support the distribution and collection of all vaccine consent forms and obtain completed forms from parents and guardians
  • make use of immunisation resources available from the Department of Health and Human Services (Resources for secondary schools — SSIP) and your local council to assist with communication to students, parents, teachers and the wider school community about school-aged vaccines
  • ensure appropriate resources and environments are available for the program to run smoothly

For information on the current schedule of vaccines delivered as part of the secondary school vaccine program, visit the National Immunisation Program Schedule.

Secondary school vaccine program

Schools are legally authorised to share parent and student contact details with local council for the purpose of immunisation.

From 2019, the Diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (dTp) vaccine and the Human papillomavirus (HPV) will be offered to Year 7 students. Meningococcal A, C, W, Y vaccine will be offered to students in Year 10.

Refer to your school's Implementation Kit for further information, or visit Resources for secondary schools — SSIP.


Vaccination means having a vaccine — that is, receiving an injection or receiving a vaccine orally.

Immunisation means both receiving a vaccine and becoming immune to a disease as a result of being vaccinated.

The period of time for which a student is required to not attend school.

Relevant legislation

Department policy on student immunisation and exclusion processes

Reviewed 18 February 2021

Policy last updated

15 June 2020


  • Schools


Wellbeing, Health and Engagement Division

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