Physical And Sport Education — Safety

Policy last updated

15 June 2020


  • Schools


Health Promotion, Prevention and Advice

February 2020


For specific information about COVID-19 refer to the COVID-19 — School Operations Advice on PAL, which brings together key operational information for schools. Schools can also refer to the COVID-19 advice on the Department's website for information and updates.


The purpose of this policy is to ensure that all physical education classes and sporting activities are conducted safely.


  • Principals and teachers must ensure that all Physical Education and Sport is conducted safely by following the specific requirements outlined in this policy for:
    • sports activities
    • the environments that they are undertaken in, and
    • the associated equipment.
  • All teachers conducting Physical Education and Sport must have first aid training.
  • All items of equipment — such as basketball rings and soccer goals, are safe, regularly inspected, repaired and maintained in accordance with the Workplace Inspections Policy and Procedure.


Training, qualifications and activity specific requirements

All teachers conducting Physical Education and Sport must have their First Aid training in accordance with the First Aid for Students and Staff Policy and Guidance

Principals and teachers must adhere to the activity and equipment-specific precautions listed below.

All items of equipment — such as basketball rings and soccer goals, are:

  • safe
  • regularly inspected
  • repaired, and
  • maintained

It is recommended that specialist activities — such as:

  • gymnastics
  • martial arts, and
  • high jump

are conducted by a teacher or professional with a qualification with the relevant coaching authority.   

In lieu of the recommended qualification, it is expected that those teachers or professionals have extensive experience in the instruction of that activity.

Activity and equipment — precautionary safety measures and requirements


Physical Education
The delivery of the Physical Education curriculum through timetabled and structured classes.

Any form of sport (interschool or intraschool) within the educational setting which is timetabled into the school week.

Scrums are formed by players who are designated forwards binding together in three rows. The scrum then engages with the opposition team so that the players heads are interlocked with those of the other side's front row. 

Note: Scrums occur more often, and are of greater importance, in union than in league. In league, scrums do not occur in primary school and may occur in 13 man aside games in secondary school.


Health Promotion, Prevention and Advice



There is no further guidance for this topic. For more information, refer to Resources tab.



Physical education

For further information regarding the delivery of physical education contact Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (ACHPER) Victoria.


There are three types of mouthguards:

  • individually fitted mouthguard — available from a dentist and is custom made. This mouthguard provides maximum protection.
  • semi-adaptable mouthguard — sold over the counter and is adaptable in the mouth after warming
  • standard mouthguard — sold ready-made over the counter

Mouthguards should fit properly and have sufficient retention to prevent dislodgement by an impacting force. Mouthguards can be made to allow for missing and erupting teeth, and to fit over orthodontic wires. An ill-fitting mouthguard has the potential to cause injury. A mouthguard that has to be held in place by clenching the teeth is unsatisfactory. Yearly replacement may be needed for younger students to allow for growth and development.

For further information contact Dental Health Services Victoria.


For further information contact Basketball Victoria.

Explore Consumer Goods (Basketball Rings and Backboards) Safety Standard 2017for information on safety warning requirements regarding basketball rings and backboards. 

The occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) contains checklists to assist principals in recording inspection and maintenance of basketball and netball rings.


Example: The Australian Rugby Union TryRugby program introduces new players to the game through a series of age-specific modified rugby games in a controlled environment i.e. no tackling for ages under 6 and 7 years. Each game-style of the Under Six 6 to Under Twelve Tryrugby Kids Pathway has a developmental skills focus which takes into account the chronological age of the child and their capacity for safe and achievable rugby skill acquisition.  

For more information see:

Reviewed 20 May 2020